The second chapter & have spent       The type of stone carving, 3) _ figurine skills

by:Ennas      2020-06-10
Core tip: architectural stone carvings in ancient China is wooden structure for the mainstream, but the stone building also has a long history, it can be traced back to prehistoric rock shed buildings in here. In addition, strong beautiful stone carvings in ancient Chinese buildings is wooden structure for the mainstream, but the stone building also has a long history, it can be traced back to prehistoric rock shed buildings in here. In addition, strong and beautiful rammed earth timberwork building, also cannot leave the stone artifacts and stone carving decoration. So we here refers to building stone inscription meaning is very wide, and the classification of the relative significance only, it includes all kinds of stone artifacts and decoration and various buildings affiliated decorative stone carvings and monuments. From chow archaeological findings, it seems, shang dynasty timberwork building has pay attention to the application of large building stone decoration component, to foil large construction elegant solemn style. In the era of the warring states period to the western han dynasty, has a building stone development, stone steps. The eastern han dynasty era, the development of China's ancient buildings carved stone into the brilliant stage, rich and colorful in the form of stone carving. Including all stone buildings, such as Wu Shishi shrine, Gao Yishi que and weapons tomb stone, is a comprehensive building stone, carved on it. Do you have a variety of characters story and all kinds of decorative pattern, carving techniques and each century, reach the level of extremely fine. We referred to in front of the grave fresco, is attached to a stone carving decorative arts of ancient buildings. Chinese ancient architecture is very pay attention to the integrity of its layout, it is a combination of art, so in the powerful permanent residence - — Mausoleum building, in addition to the tomb and the tomb of the invasion, also needs to have a series of foil extend subsidiary building, and on either side of the Shinto stone carving sat rooted and god beast, shi que, and grave stone at hall then Qiao luck. They over the ages, and develop into a variety of forms. Among them, the stone carving the contents of the subject matter or various forms of wood construction, in fact has become a study of Chinese ancient architecture confess artisan most abundant valuable historical materials. Moreover, the content and form of art, is a certain social reality, and a variety of the vivid reflection of ideology and aesthetic pursuit. As to the wei jin southern and northern dynasties after the rise of religious grottoes and art, that is a living image of Buddhism and Taoism history. From building stone artifacts, large wooden palace architecture since the tang dynasty, has been widely adopted combined masonry stylobate, such as order along the stone, step, hanging belt, shi is carved decoration component, stone railings at column and therefore the first has been found in the tang dynasty famous xian da yuan temple ruins. Although the warring states period since the qin and han dynasties, the ancient stone development is adopted, the stone steps, but in different periods of development and application of stone steps of its decorative forms are also different. According to archaeological discoveries, style style to say, not only can coexist in the ancient stone carving and its cultural relics of the cohort in stages, at the same time can also be a clear hint of ancient various forms of art and its development and evolvement course. The component part of building stone not only has distinct characteristics of The Times, and they also like a beautiful picture scroll, from different angles show the colorful artistic style and the style. Take stone carving decorative pattern, most of them similar to contemporary popular craft decoration pattern, such as the han dynasty stone pattern is common in the rope lines, arc tooth profile, S lines, lines, volume grass grain, lotus pattern, the dragon grain, PanChi lines, etc. Enter two jin southern and northern dynasties, stone carving decorative pattern common s-shaped volume grass grain, and lotus petals, rope winding lines, YingLao grain, birds and animals, fire lines, and the lion, flying birds, gold wing, lotus and other topics; In sui and tang dynasties the five dynasties, the traditional volume grass grain combine with birds and beasts characters, play into the volume grass grain, and the Buddha ling volume grass grain, lion, deer grass grain, etc. In addition to alignment, back to the lines, stone pomegranate grain, Po phase pattern, grape grain, mass of wine. the grain, nest fire, fringed lines, etc. Song liao period of the stone carving decorative pattern on the basis of inheriting former anus, further development of the flower pattern. One of the best pattern, cloud, volume with a great influence on the technology creation. Yuan dynasty rulers of Mongolian nomadic people, have their own unique customs, also under the influence of lamaism architectural art, so its carved stone also has a lot of lamaism in subjects and styles. Thereafter, lamaism sculpture theme and technique, to Ming and qing architectural art, especially has great influence on the palace type buildings. The end of the Ming and qing dynasties buildings carved stone is a classical Chinese stone carving, also. At court building stone carving dragon, chicken is the most common in the theme, in addition to the lotus-shaped grain, cloud, and all kinds of flowers. As the component part of building stone carving, the rich type style, has its own law of development of evolution. So building stone carving has brought to the attention of the archaeology and art history and architectural history scholars, classify ground for specialized research, has become the basic research work for the development of a variety of disciplines and the premise, but it is precisely this emphasis, but ignored by all previous dynasties of the ci-poetry of epigraphy, only by adopting the method of archaeology of the horizon and typology, systematically organize rich stone carving art in ancient China. In early 20th century, the French segalen and others began in China's shaanxi, sichuan, examining ancient carved stone relics. In 1918, the Japanese people off wild zhen also to hebei, shandong, jiangsu and zhejiang provinces, tombs, ancient buildings and religious stone carvings of investigation. Bring about true sleep temple kong treasure mountain looking Shinto stone column bring big Shi Fang bring about the Ming tombs
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