Song, liao, jin and yuan dynasties jade carving _ figurine skills

by:Ennas      2020-06-09
Core tip: A. D. 960 to 1234, 274, is China's history of the song, liao, jin confrontation divided period. Unprecedented appeared during this period the plot, the background of the landscape type composition, as used in A. D. 960 to 1234, 274, is China's history of the song, liao, jin confrontation divided period. Unprecedented appeared during this period the plot, the background of the landscape type composition, to hollow out by grinding method, such as cut the plastic or solid shoven jade, on behalf of the emerging form of jade in this era, has the distinct characteristics of The Times, there have been affected by the Taoist immortal subject and 'turtle swims' a kind of auspicious jade. This time, as it were, the characteristics of the jade is: jade as coagulate fat, the composition is complicated, the plot twists and turns, tuo elegant, slender, xingshenjianbei, is China's jade culture of the second peak. The bearing in the song dynasty five dynasties chaos, is not a mighty dynasty, and is an important period in the cultural history in China. Song dynasty handicraft industry and commerce and industry of unprecedented prosperity, culture developed. The period of the jade is in a transition phase continuity. Two Song Yuqi from two song style, usually as its composition is complex, multi-level, xingshenjianbei,, with strong interesting painting done by Tang Yu lay particular stress on manufacturability, small sculptures to song yu lay particular stress on painting and artistic change. At this time of the royal with the jade varieties diverse, accessories class has a jade belt, wek-jin, with jade, jade qing, sacrificial vessel have jade guerra, jade and so on. Imperial palace specially equipped with jade, jade expected by the various states tribute. Folk with the jade more power to fill, also appeared a huge variety of jade baldric, jade. Royal, bureaucrats and private are popular to collect gu yu, antique line started to forge or letter made ethos of ancient jade. Therefore, song yu was divided into the time of ancient jade, jade, pseudo GuYuHe ancient jade. At the same time, because the song, liao, jin was fighting with each other and exchange of trade, economic and cultural exchanges between the very closely, jade art common prosperity. Was addicted to jade addiction, the rise of epigraphy, the development of traditional Chinese realistic painting painting, the prosperity of urban economy, the realism and the tendency of secularization, either directly or indirectly promote the song, liao, Jin Yuqi unprecedented development. In the song, liao, Jin Yuqi prominently practical decorative jade, 'the ritual', 'play' flavor, jade is closer to real life. Song dynasty carved mainly adopts engraved look and round, adornment theme is rare flowers, birds, to Yin line score more. Liao, Jin Yuqi is less, but the process than the song dynasty jade no less, both the style of song yu, and have their own national traditional art. The unearthed jade ornaments, practical jade jade and animals. Liao dynasty Chen circle wek-jin and princess tomb unearthed several sets of very delicate. The longfeng fish wek-jin and best. Liao, Jin Yuqi is less, but the process than Song Yuqi no less, both the style of song yu, and have their own national traditional art. The unearthed jade ornaments, practical jade jade and animals. Liao dynasty Chen circle princess tomb unearthed several sets of wek-jin is very delicate. Reflect the character of the contemporary jade carving has features, such as jade carving is the representative work of conference semifinals. Yuan dynasty is a dynasty was ruled by a nomadic society, the Chinese native culture is greatly suppressed. At this time of the jade while maintain the attainments and the style of song yu, but appear relatively coarse. In addition to the yuan dynasty cut ritual that comes with the jade, but also will YuCai widely used for building and furniture, jade application scope, the number has increased. Imperial palace of jade jade institutions and grinding mill scale large, imperial palace and the yuan dynasty official jade handicraft industry developed. Because of gold and the southern song dynasty official jade art established layout, mostly and hangzhou became two big jade technology center, its work is straightforward, informal section, continue to milling and the jade, jade akiyama and from southern song dynasty inherited the han nationality traditional jade. There are two kinds of yuan in the jade is associated with the Mongolian, one is the jade joab. For to sign documents, notices, yipin official can use, very precious; The second is the jade crown. The western countries have such work run jade crown, Kowloon, therefore, quite clever show fine movement and the curve of tiger image processing, are more successful, but in detail on the polishing of enough attention, often leaving some effort. Scholars made stationery with jade and antique bronze yi jade continue to note that the collection, preservation, appreciation of ancient jade in the literati remains as strong as ever, more popular. Bring therefore dragon jade bring red phoenix in morning sun jade jade bring lotus lotus crane lines bring new Pisces turtle bring lotus leaf jade baldric ci-poetry music double ear bring about ganoderma lucidum immortal lines
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