SAN shek wan pottery art through the ages _ figurine skills
Core tip: SAN shek wan pottery and porcelain in the midden site as early as the late neolithic age has opened its burn the history of ceramic precursor, SAN shek wan appear large kilns of history can be traced back in the tang dynasty.
50 ~ 70 s successively in foshan SAN shek wan pottery and porcelain in the midden site as early as the late neolithic age has opened its burn the history of ceramic precursor, SAN shek wan appear large kilns of history can be traced back in the tang dynasty.
Successively in foshan SAN shek wan 50 ~ 70 s and the south China sea stone found and used in tang and song dynasty, unearthed are half ceramics, low temperature, the hardness is not high, embryo thick, TaiZhi relaxation, belongs to the typical southern tang dynasty pottery.
After the han dynasty, due to the business gradually developed, currency in circulation, copper used in casting COINS, copper commodity mostly replaced by pottery, so contented industry to flourish, also led to grow the pottery, ceramics forming independent handicraft industry, pottery to market become a commodity.
Song dynasty is a ceramic jisheng period, the whole society is driven by consumption fashion in the unprecedented development of ceramics.
Engages in the production of ceramic kilns all over the country, daily-use ceramics, building garden and art ceramic varieties increase rapidly, modelling, style is increasingly renovated, so future generations have a 'eight hundred tang, song, three thousand'.
The song dynasty is rich in glaze color varieties also far than the previous generation.
In addition to the traditional yellow glazed, black glazed, green white glaze, also created the colored glaze, glaze, variable glaze, etc.
Decoration pattern is more novel and diverse, more rich adornment gimmick: hand-cut, scratching, printed, painted flowers, heap post act the role ofing, relief, and leaves, paper cutting and so on.
Ceramics production is one of the most important commodity production in the song dynasty economy, the vast majority of export commodities is the chinaware.
In order to adapt to expand foreign trade export, ceramics gradually from inland to coastal zhejiang, fujian, guangdong, guangxi.
When SAN shek wan contented industry are the two important factors for the development of the transportation is convenient and clay is rich.
Kiln channel is different, the waterway transportation center have to move to foshan and SAN shek wan.
Are connected to the SAN shek wan, foshan Fen jiang and dongping river road guangzhou, export products to guangzhou is very convenient.
Sand and clay hills, Taiwan area, conveniently, and so had ceramics based SAN shek wan quickly developed into lingnan important ceramics production base.
Song dynasty SAN shek wan production of ceramics for daily use, the shape and the adornment gimmick is injected with artistic form, the shape of full, balanced, smooth lines, rich change, the species is much more than the tang dynasty, has a soul, heap altar stick WaYan superimposed body clay POTS, vases, TaoQin coloured drawing or pattern, etc. , involving household utensils, collectables - autograph, animals, figures and so on each chahai category.
SAN shek wan pottery banjo, now in the Palace Museum, Taiwan is desk collectables - autograph class chahai.
Song dynasty SAN shek wan pottery art deco attaches great importance to grain.
Patterns theme is extensive, the image is rich, very close to the best of ancient books, reached the fairly high art level.
From SAN shek wan song tombs and stone unearthed relics in the song dynasty kiln, the song dynasty 'painted flowers have freehand brushwork in traditional Chinese painting, such as bluegrass, bamboo, shu lang, interest is full'.
In addition, there are jomon, string lines, wavy lines, ribbed, wrap flower pattern, second straight lines, etc.
Which bound branch lines is very beautiful flowers, flowers creeping weed stretch freely, crimp degree, winding branch of qu, stretch, volume, nature is full of exuberant vitality.
SAN shek wan is located in the south corner, to give priority to with producing daily-use ceramics, pottery making craft although reached a certain level, but compared with the north all the ancient jun, do far less well, ceramics of the forest, there is no significant status in the song dynasty.
Southern song dynasty to yuan, foshan is the settlement of immigrants.
They took the ceramic art in the north to SAN shek wan, and the integration of SAN shek wan pottery making craft of original, has been greatly increased SAN shek wan pottery manufacturing level and artistic level.
Therefore, the 'SAN shek wan set the ancient jun of song dynasty', set, the ru, officer, brother, jun various ancient jun product was attempt to SAN shek wan imitation, eight big porcelain system modelling and the beauty of the glaze color and decoration method were also SAN shek wan digestion, absorption, becoming the austral 'good imitation of ancient jun, especially in 'guang jun' jun 'mud' and famous.
As a civilian kiln, SAN shek wan has been geared to the needs of the general public, therefore, the chahai are based on principles of practical art, and together will be beautiful and practical, has obvious adornment characteristic.
SAN shek wan chahai is closely related to art and architecture, in order to adapt to the ancestral temple, temples, and some building decoration, flower POTS, fish tank, flower, flower window, such as screen making art development.
In order to meet the requirements of religious activities, SAN shek wan produced idol, goalkeeper.
SAN shek wan later viewing art, enjoy the chahai is from practical strong quasi art based, so also showing signs of practicality.
SAN shek wan many potter is song kiln and manufacturer direct descendant of masterpieces.
Because the SAN shek wan kiln is widely kiln is also called 'guang jun'.
SAN shek wan pottery stone in addition to the imitation jun glaze, later also widely imitated other ancient jun glaze burning, such as imitation of elder brother kiln 'ice crack', longquan celadon 'plum green', 'partridge spot' to build kilns, magnetic state kiln 'iron embroiders' and 'green' glass of your kiln, etc.
SAN shek wan three-color vase absorbed the tang style in the glazing process.
Because of the quality of a material difference, firing temperature is different, so have formed its own straightforward simplicity of artistic features.