Origins and developments of snail survey process, and the application of mussel _ figurine skills
Summary: China's exceptionally long coastline, and moderate climate, screw type, clam as raw material, almost inexhaustible, an inexhaustible.
So from guangdong to the northeast, coastal cities in China arts and crafts exceptionally long coastline, and moderate climate, screw type, clam as raw material, almost inexhaustible, an inexhaustible.
So from guangdong to the northeast, the coastal cities, institute of arts and crafts, for the unit process, how to develop, is a noteworthy research problem.
Especially the abundant raw materials, such as can and several coastal city wealthy tong fu same labor combined well, it's real beautiful future.
With clam thin slice set furniture appliance and display in the new arts and crafts exhibition, in the art museum of cultural relics, the passenger compartment in the National People's Congress hall and other public and private garden in the living room, we often can see with thin clam set furniture appliance and display products, decorative pattern design form a pearly luster with rainbow, very beautiful and pleasing to the eye.
Always called 'snail survey'.
Done particularly exquisite, the above also add with gold and silver, or gold and silver and comprehensive use, is named 'soft gold and silver inlaid screw survey'.
If the diameter is 'big -cutting slightly thick clam piece Mosaic pattern to the box on the ark, larger area is called' hard screw survey '.
The clam or in jade like cui miscellaneous Mosaic part of position, called 'embedded' miscellaneous treasure.
The former more delicate and elegant, but the latter magnificence, each have different artistic achievement.
These handicraft s, generally speaking, to early tang dynasty, has high artistic level;
The most for the Ming and qing dynasties, is the heyday of declinism.
This is given priority to with clam piece process varieties, according to documents, is mature in the tang dynasty, actually has a long history, belong to one of the most ancient Mosaic process in China.
But again and newly emerging bei technology, the embedded real the same type, because the same close relation is the use of the sea creatures as raw materials of the shell, for art processing, be enjoying display artwork or commodity.
But applications and practices and patterns, and constantly in the development and changes, thus in historical stages, each have different achievements.
The same time, also often because of different materials, different objects, different requirements of art, make all sorts of different artistic performance.
Belong to the same screw midian apparatus in Ming dynasty, for example, large furniture such as bed, couch, boxes, cabinets, chairs, case, and desk display plaque, and big small dish box, are often very different.
Sometimes even put these things in one place, that is easy to cause misunderstanding, thought that if 'snail survey' refers to this one, the other is unfavorable called snail survey.
Have also implements the size difference is great, processing technique art style and extremely similar.
Origins and developments of snail survey process, and the application of mussel inseparable to qianlong in the qing dynasty, glass mirror, and other small plaque painting embroidery, were widely popular use for screw survey, frame so jing su is also more to follow.
Light later, the bedroom of the same clan popular annatto furniture set screw midian, thus produced a large number of guangdong, suzhou composition screw midian furniture.
From the Mosaic technology application scope, we haven't found that there are other than in the history of snail survey technology in a wider range of application.
If we want to know the department of arts and crafts varieties is reconstruct, Ming dynasty painter YiZhuan book 'xiu act the role ofing, record he set them was documented by many different names, reflect quite specific.
Worthies YanSong is property of Ming dynasty, but also left a fortune DeCe, named 'tianshui iceberg record', also lists the number of snail survey furniture material.
If the two documents, combined with the existing a large number of snail survey of the imperial palace, and other big museum, as well as by the imperialists hao qiao stolen lost physical synthetical images, related knowledge of the department of arts and crafts, obviously the rich solid many.
By the application tool, in turn, for art deco, and jade is the same situation again, can saying is 'old'.
So in the embedded technology, the name is not old, but in fact appear earlier in other embedded technology.
Because of application of mussel, is in the neolithic age, has become a certain tribes in some regions as conducive to easy scraping share auxiliary tool.