Installment and the general characteristics of zhou dynasty bronze ware _ figurine skills
Core tip: s stage 1, the spring and autumn period and the early zhou dynasty bronze ware (
In 770 AD -
Before 7 th century)
Bronze ware shape, although this period is the hereditary system of the late western zhou dynasty, but there have been several new s stage 1, the spring and autumn period and the early zhou dynasty bronze ware (
In 770 AD -
Before 7 th century)
Bronze ware shape, although this period is the hereditary system of the late western zhou dynasty, but there have been several new shape.
First is the emergence of the basin, handed down from ancient times as big basin.
The spring and autumn period and the early and the late western zhou dynasty shape of grain, but have small changes, class is the emergence of dragon entwining of grain.
The spring and autumn period and the early pay the dragon and other decorative appear slack.
Inscriptions in this period long, content is more governors, QingDaFu marriage covering Ying device and of the role of the record.
Ming dictionaries also had no significant changes in the body.
2, the spring and autumn period and the medium-term (
The seventh century B. C. -
Before six century)
Due to the insufficient data of archaeology, especially have absolute s can take an examination of the standard of lack, so difficult to strictly calibration in installment of fixed number of year, at the same time, the development of the bronze ware is not balanced.
Even so, there are still a small amount of standard or close to the standard data.
The spring and autumn period and the middle of the western zhou dynasty bronze ware and medium-term have some similarities, which has the characteristics of the early to late too.
The spring and autumn period and the middle of the grain, although there is a new style in the structure, but technically is not carefully crafted, it still has a certain rough flavor.
3, the spring and autumn period and the late (
In the second half of the 6th century BC -
In 476 BC)
The spring and autumn period and the late bronze ware shape is more complex, various regions have different USES, and some areas find little, is unclear.
But on the whole, the existing each region of the bronze wares during this period, the shape and decorative have in common is greater than the difference.
The spring and autumn period and the late new appeared red copper inlay ornamentation, including dragon, beast, chicken, bird and hunting a variety of subjects.
Due to the performance of the hunting activities of the image in the initial period, therefore with coarse dry.
But it is out of the rule of bronze decorative pattern, and composition is natural and vivid primary portrait.
The spring and autumn period and the late bronze inscriptions, content with records of the role of multiple, Ming quit long or short, generally there is a certain format, content to show he is the Lord's own family, status and identity and the beauty of itself character is given priority to, records of marriage Ying inscriptions also not in the minority.
Inscription resigned in addition to the emperor or the name of the main QingDaFu equivalent to that of joseon dynasty, as well as part of an historic for examination, to much of the historical materials, this is because the social function of bronze for different because of the change of The Times.
4, the early warring states period (
476 BC -
Before the 4 th century)
The early warring states bronze inscriptions, which can be as a few standard date.
Grain early warring states, in terms of subject, is still in the dragon, the dragon or dragons playing dragon in the world.
The early warring states bronze inscriptions and the spring and autumn period and the late no prominent difference, then usually do greatly reduced for type inscriptions.
5, the warring states period (
Since the middle of the 4th century BC to 221 years) before
The warring states period of grain, change is obvious.
In addition to the warring states period of early some grain line still use (
Some of them may be this is the early warring states period, was buried into the grave of late)
, one was many embedded gold, silver, copper and other material geometric deformation pattern, cloudy, patterns, lotus design, triangle lines, etc. , the collection grain extremely regularity of deformation, but also abound change beautiful effect.
The spring and autumn period and the warring states period of the fine grain and potential to all casting can not meet this requirement, this new deformation geometry lines was born.
S zhou dynasty bronze ware in the general characteristics of zhou bronzes mostly national aristocracy in sacrifices, treats, or marriage funeral etiquette when used in the ritual and Musical Instruments, there are some life appliance, horses and chariots, Musical Instruments and tools, etc.
The category of the zhou dynasty bronze ritual vessels have very big change, shang and western zhou dynasty, wine less vase with, jue, wine vessels, horn, statue, yi to be eliminated;
For cooking and feeder populations, ding and GUI jie with groups.
In the spring and autumn period and the warring states bronze, with national governors and the number of sacrificial vessel QingDaFu most, the higher the other position, enjoy is, the more the number of.
In addition to the eastern zhou royal family, dozens of vassal states have bronze ware.
The spring and autumn period and the warring states period bronze pattern has changed a lot the shang and western zhou dynasty, its characteristic is the past, at least, those lines and overelaborate sample has been eliminated, instead of animals, plants, lines, geometry and image lines, etc.
The decorative pattern of zhou dynasty into a continuous mesh, and it's version of the flower stamps technology, all carved Fan Mo process than in the past a huge step forward, and the Mosaic gold and silver, gold, emerging technology such as fault, fine line carve.
Zhou bronze inscriptions of general text brief, inscriptions hundreds of words, are extremely rare.
From the point of font, its regional difference is more apparent, the countries of central plains jin, who, zheng font while beauty;
Qin font neat archaize;
With long beautiful font, sometimes it is for the birds of.
From the overall, casting with inscriptions of bronze ware is decreasing, the inscription of book s nature tends to decline, gradually become artistic decoration.
The warring states period, bronze inscriptions are mostly le gong Ming.
The spring and autumn period and the warring states period, bronze casting and although technology has great development and achievements, but because of the emergence and development of iron smelting operation, Chinese Bronze Age is finally replaced by the iron age.