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Gongyi kiln porcelain: white porcelain in the tang dynasty on behalf of _ figurine skills

by:Ennas      2021-10-16
Core tip: gongyi kiln craft string wen yi tang ( Wei-wen huang for figure) Gongyi, tang kiln white glazed porcelain ewer appreciation ( 6) The appearance of white porcelain and maturity is an important process in the history of the development of Chinese ancient ceramics achievement tang wen yi (gongyi kiln craft string Wei-wen huang for figure) Gongyi, tang kiln white glazed porcelain ewer appreciation ( 6) The appearance of white porcelain and maturity is an important process in the history of the development of Chinese ancient ceramics. Archaeological materials show that as early as the northern dynasties in the central plains have appeared a white porcelain craft of germination, the tang dynasty to the northern area of white porcelain production is enjoying a boom, formed the southern celadon par with 'south green northern white' of the ancient ceramic production. So far in hebei, henan, shanxi, shaanxi and other provinces have discovered fire white porcelain kilns of the sui and tang dynasties, notably the xing kiln in hebei and henan gongyi kiln white porcelain produced by the finest quality. Gongyi kiln is also called 'ligou kiln', is the famous prime white porcelain in the central plains and the sui and tang dynasties of tang sancai folk kilns, the site mainly distributed in gongyi Bai Yehe BeiShanKou Town on both sides of the plain river, white river, the blacksmith furnace, wang village, such as size view several natural villages nearby. Gongyi kiln as early as the late north Korean has begun firing celadon, gongyi, sui dynasty kiln fire celadon, white porcelain and black glaze porcelain, implements fetal weight glaze thick, color shades, porcelain making process is simple. Peak of the kiln porcelain gongyi, tang period, the main burning white porcelain, tang, and also burned black glaze, sauce glaze, twisted placenta, green color and craft 'tang blue and white porcelain'. Gongyi, white porcelain kiln is not only a white porcelain manufacturing level of the highest in the central plains in tang dynasty, and is documented in henan province kaiyuan years gong white porcelain producing area. Gongyi kiln can be divided into two categories, coarse, fine white porcelain products, its products generally have ceramic structured, raw material after crushing elutriation, tire body thin and strong, color is white, the characteristics of delicate transparent glaze layer. Modelling for daily utensils, bowl, plate, plate, jar, pot, inkstone, cartridges, cans, note, bottle, pillow, etc. , among them with all kinds of bowl, dish burn up. All kinds of bowl, sui and early stage of how deep bowl, a cup of abdomen, thick wall, tire make-up soil, applied half glaze, the bottom of the bottom of the pie. In the tang dynasty, tang as much exposure, lip, the folding of the mouth with bottom bowl and four petals flower bowls, etc. , compared with the xing kiln ware, gongyi, kiln products to the wall is thick, thick lip more run, and jade bowl bottom heart not glazing is with the obvious difference of xing kiln. In addition gongyi kiln white bowls used sagger superimposed fold to burn, burn or directly on the stove so the bottom of the bowl with burn mark more inside and outside. And gongyi kiln ewer modelling for popular style in tang dynasty, round abdomen, short flow, bar for the handle, the handle and spout some animal head. Round body pot, double tank is gongyi, white porcelain kiln in a distinctive shape, nasal button molding department is its characteristics. Gongyi kiln porcelain glazing characteristic for filled with glaze, outside is more than half glaze, bowl bottom center generally no glaze, glaze is fine slitting lines, because the glaze contains high TiO2, so the glaze color is white, yellow color more. Gongyi, white porcelain kiln have mostly not painting decorative, but also occasional row carved string lines, rope lines, lotus-shaped grain and flowers decorative items. ( The Palace Museum, Weibo) Museum associate research librarian wei-wen huang)
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