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Four, the qin and han era _ figurine skills

by:Ennas      2020-06-09
Core tip: qin ying zheng, 13 years after the throne, after the merger and the six countries, unify the whole country, said the emperor. Discard past the captaincy system, the points for the counties all over the world, but to ii hu hai, chaos everywhere, liu bang uprising, qin ying zheng, at the age of 13 following the throne, after the merger and the six countries, unify the whole country, said the emperor. Discard past the captaincy system, the points for the counties all over the world, but to ii hu hai, chaos everywhere, liu bang uprising, break out the chu, qin state in han. Qin shihuang acceded to the throne in the force of it at the beginning of the qing world building, building large-scale beside the palace and the mausoleum. So, brick, tile and other building materials and palace pottery vessels within the required a lot of fire. Unearthed in 1974 in the east of qin shihuang's mausoleum and reality of large earthen terracotta warriors, is part of the qin shihuang mausoleum interred. Can be seen from the situation has been excavated three pit burning tao level at that time, a huge number, just dug up a corner, there are millions of giant; Production of exquisite, different expression, vivid; Process maturity, such a great work, almost no deformation, the problem of craze, raw materials using the local soil, condensation and high plasticity. This period of kiln construction, in order to adapt to a large number of fire building ceramic and large objects, such as the Terra Cotta Warriors make kiln size increases, generally increased one to three times. Kiln by the chimney has moved to the rear. In particular, this period the kiln bed bottom after high ( About 7 o slope) The special design, is a creative reform, to improve kiln indoor temperature inequality problem. Han dynasty is an important turning point in the history of Chinese ceramics. Which made the surface is widely glazing, some scholars think it is under the influence of Roman and European manufacturing coloured glaze technology, countries for people at that time a lot of trade with the region. People attaches great importance to the han dynasty tombs, become a custom, sacrificial strive to rich and delicate, referred to as 'funerary wares', it with the phenomena of don't is that it is used specifically for the dead in the grave, not for the living utensils. In grave goods except for a small amount of stone products, metal products, wood lacquer, is widely used for ceramics, because this kind of material can be through one thousand without corruption. In addition to the vessels used in the food, a large number of synthetic life scenes, miniature, like a castle in the earthen, barn, hearth, beast, horses and chariots, Wells, slaves, and so on, to create a virtual environment for the deceased to enjoy. Funerary wares of POTS, POTS, cans, such as vessel, usually outside of the element billet laying a layer of powder enamel, not with the tire body, a little friction loss; Small life scene model, applying green appearance are low temperature lead glaze, this kind of lead glaze has toxicity has been known by people at that time, so do not use in the daily necessities. To the attention of the mausoleum, make this period appeared a kind of special building materials brick 'table'. 'Table' is refers to the tomb, large table brick, inside is hollow, decorated with appearance design, can be arranged in a row, can also be independently. Brick surface design of mould rubbing together, this is the prototype of the ceramics surface printing technology for the later generations. In addition, in the middle of the han dynasty pottery, eaves tiles of artistic achievement is also very prominent. Han dynasty ceramics, modelling is thick, rich, many of the shape of imitation bronze modelling. Implements the surface glazing sintering temperature, between about 950 oc1000oc for low temperature glaze, so today see han surface has a slight crackle. Until the han dynasty, mantou kiln used in north China has reached the point of comparative perfect. In the south, at this time there has been a mature bank kiln, increasing the kiln as well as shorten the sintering time.
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