Experts read: stone carving industry seven kind of necessary tools _ figurine skills

by:Ennas      2021-10-22
Core tip: stone carving in guangdong has a long history. In the long old and the new Stone Age, stone processing is a means of lingnan primitive ancestors to make a living. In the pearl river mouth found rock of Hong Kong, Macao, zhuhai, with stone in guangdong has a long history. In the long old and the new Stone Age, stone processing is a means of lingnan primitive ancestors to make a living. In the pearl river mouth found rock of Hong Kong, Macao, zhuhai, with complex abstract design is given priority to, with chiseled techniques, especially in the zhuhai gaolan island south water town rock carving as the giant, one of the largest high 3 meters, 5 meters long, specifically carved, line is clear, from the complex line still discernible recognize characters and ship time. Zengcheng olive carving belongs to one of the carving process, has been 300 years of history. Olive carving crafts was founded in zengcheng xintang town, in the qing dynasty is the tribute of calendar year. Xintang is the most famous in the history of the reign of xianfeng, qing dynasty old actor cham GuSheng diao 'su dongpo night chibi' dollar, known as the king of carving. Carved on the bottom of su dongpo 'former literary works' in full, a total of 537 words, character modelling is very delicate, exactly at the same time. Now this rare treasure in the city museum. Everyone likes beautiful stone, but carving tools, it is not so beautiful and elegant. Stone carving the necessary sample seven basic tools are: (1) small DiaoSuDao. For the clay sculpture, used for scraping, cut, paste, pick, pressure, clay sculpture and modelling. Is divided into three kinds: the first for metal tools, by steel ( Blue rust) , stainless steel, brass, such as cutting head inclined triangular, LiuYeXing, every leaf form and arrow form, there were some for jagged edges. Non-metallic tool, the second for the bamboo, wood, bone, ivory, horn, plastic and other materials. Large tool has a sole shape, cuttlebone, thumb, oblique triangle, etc; Small tool has a water chestnut, foot shape, spherical, bar, etc. And the third for the scraper, can cutting model and do YiWen, have all kinds of circular and square double-sided scraper, etc. (2) stone chisel. Stone tools for steel bar, the bottom for wedge or cone, at the end of the end edge, bottom edge with hammer knock the top stress, according to the shape of blade sharp chisel, flat chisel, gouge and tooth chisel, is a basic tool for stone. (3) stone hammer. For percussion tools to tap on a stone chisel or wood carving knife carving stone, wood, large, medium and small three. Hammer is also the stone hammer, direct contact with hammer percussion stones, straightforward massiness, one integrated mass of small sculpture. Chop axe to chop chop served directly, cutting out neatly parallel lines, can strengthen small sculpture decent sense of direction, sense of rhythm. (4) wood carving knife. Generally made up of cutting head, a knife and iron hoop, in accordance with the flat shape points on the edge, oblique, triangle and circle blade knife four mouth, according to the neck score straight neck curve neck, two kinds, every kind of and each have large, medium and small no. 3. (5) the bow. For the small sculpture with calipers. Can measure distance, there are two open ivory card feet, also may at any time change card feet camber. 6 bows the proportion. Is a small sculpture amplification using measurement tools. 7 point type instrument. For the three coordinate locator for copying the stone and wood carving. On the plaster model to identify three basis points, with the point type steel needle alignment and fixed on the apparatus, the slide parts of the use of point type instrument and universal joints and pointer, can be trained on a statue on any spatial location, the movable part of the lock. Move the point type instrument on the rocks or wood, steel needle on the corresponding datum, a pointer to the points on the plaster model in stone or wood, can accurately replicated in stone and wood carving.
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