12, the era of the republic of China _ figurine skills
Summary: our country ceramics development to all the generation of song, yuan, Ming and qing, there is a process of full recovery, development, to decline, but in the period of the republic of China, the ceramics has been depressed.
Although our country ceramics development to all the generation of song, yuan, Ming and qing, there is a process of full recovery, development, to decline, but in the period of the republic of China, the ceramics has been depressed.
Although in the early of the republic of China in Beijing, shandong, jiangsu, jiangxi, xi resembles river and other places have established ceramic research institutions, but because of the instability, loss in the civil war, foreign invasion, shortage of funds, can't support to live.
In terms of industrial production, while also USES some mechanical, and slip casting with high stone model, USES the applique adornment and so on, but on the whole the backward situation of unable to compete with emerging foreign ceramics.
To the late qing dynasty, due to the impact of political corruption and foreign goods, ceramic production had presented down trend.
At this time, though there is no lack of insight from the revitalization of national economy, against foreign goods, but still follow the old method on the product shape, no new forms created, nor the scale of production, so has been struggling in the trough.
The period of the republic of China is still in the jingdezhen ceramics center.
Early years of the republic of China, yuan shih-kai proclaimed himself followed the power, in 1916 to send to the jingdezhen overseers to burn, predominantly pastel, imperial porcelain production.
In a short period of time, burn a few batch 'HongXian porcelain'.
This batch of porcelain wares, with superior color material, modelling beautiful generous, is a group of very special products.
To 21 years of the republic of China, jingdezhen ceramic company has nearly 30, give priority to with daily-used porcelain, production mode is still the old method is given priority to, manual trival, high cost, kiln with pine wood, not much improved as a whole.
During the period of the republic of China of archaize wind to blue and white, colorful, enamel to the mainstream.
One reason is that the imperial decline after the kiln diaspora to folk, folk may manufacture before the royal, literally prime now, in imitation of a kiln system is no longer be stopped;
2 it is interest drive, from The Three Kingdoms, two jin to the tang, song, yuan, Ming and qing, no imitation of, very large number.
This period produced daily utensils are rough, glaze combined with bad, take off the glaze is serious, does not represent a fire level during the period of the republic of China.
Blue and white, enamel, colorful decorations still for the mainstream, inherited the style of the late qing dynasty, and added some new content.
Than the late qing dynasty porcelain on modelling, simple, straight, influenced by some foreign industrial products.
In jingdezhen, some which attempts to improve production, to adapt to the mass and the standardization of production requirements.
To set up such as hunan liling, ceramic company and attached vestibule school, invite Japan's technical staff for guidance, produce a batch of Japanese style products, it is better than the local old past.
Such as jiangsu yixing again, since the Ming dynasty from purple to continue production, varieties increased, tea sets, all fire, such as stationery, decoration carving and painting decoration, elegant style.
Again, such as in shandong zibo area, producing fine feldspar, years of the republic of China have many ceramic companies, set up more daily-used porcelain ware.
From the revolution to the founding of the People's Republic of China, although less than 40 years, but the ceramic production almost throughout the country, have a certain scale of porcelain area in addition to the above a few outside, and hebei axis, anhui LuJiang, fujian dehua, chengdu, sichuan province, guangdong jin SAN shek wan, henan, shanxi pacified, shenyang, liaoning province, wenzhou, zhejiang and other places are doing a lot of different porcelain production style.
For the period of the republic of China ceramics research began to attract attention, collectors gradually to realize its value.